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V 1. What is the role of a mother and what are her duties towards her child?

The first responsibility rests with the mother for the child to tread on the right path.
Sathya Sai Baba, 21 Nov 2001
 
Role of Mother: “The Mother is held as the object of affectionate reverence in Indian Culture. She is the home-maker, the first teacher of the child, the person who lovingly transmits the culture of this ancient land to its heirs in their most formative years. The mother and the father are the first examples in social behavior that the child sees and learns to imitate. They should teach Bhakthi and Prapatthi (adoration of God and surrender to the Highest); they should be embodiments of Shanti and Prema (equanimity and love). Thus, they should aid in the spiritual awakening of the child.
Sathya Sai Baba, 22 Nov 1969
 
Duty of the mother: The mother herself should look after the children during the early years instead of placing the child in the custody and care of baby sitters and servants. The mother must set the example in making the shrine the heart of the household. She must enforce discipline over the children in personal cleanliness, in humility and hospitality, in good manners and acts of service. She must persuade the children by example and precept to revere elders and to allot some time both in the morning and evening for prayer and silent meditation.
Sathya Sai Baba
 
The mother is the first preceptor for the child:
Mothers in ancient days used to teach the children about right conduct, morality and devotion. The first preceptor for a child is the mother.
Sathya Sai Baba, 19 Nov 1995
 
The child should grow with the mother for the first 5 years of life. Many children do not know what the love of the mother is like. The mother should not hand over the responsibilities during these years to someone else and simply be called 'Mummy' as if she is some doll with which the child likes to play.
Sathya Sai Baba, 19 May 1962